Komodo National Park is located in the center of the Indonesian archipelago within the Nusa Tenggara (Lesser Sunda Islands), between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores, region bordering the provinces of East Nusa Tenggara and West Nusa Tenggaras. Founded in 1980, initially the main purpose of the Park was to conserve the world’s largest lizard, unique Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) and its habitat. However, over the years, the goals for the Park have expanded to protecting its entire biodiversity, both terrestrial and marine. In 1986, the Park was declared a World Heritage Site and a Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, both indications of the Park’s biological importance. The park consists of three larger islands Komodo, Padar and Rinca, and 26 smaller ones, with a total area of 1,733 km2 and 603 km2 of it land. Komodo National Park has been selected as one of the New 7 Wonders of Nature. Komodo islands is also a part of the Coral Triangle, which contains one of the richest marine biodiversity on earth.
Rich marine life
Komodo National Park includes one of the richest marine environments including coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, seamounts, and semi-enclosed bays. These habitats harbor more than 1,000 species of fish, some 260 species of reef-building coral, and 70 species of sponges. Dugong, sharks, manta rays, at least 14 species of whales, dolphins, and sea turtles also make the Park their home. The marine area constitutes 67% of the Park. The open waters in the Park are between 100 and 200 m deep. The straits between Rinca and Flores and between Padar and Rinca, are relatively shallow (30 to 70 m deep), with strong tidal currents. In the North of the Park water temperature ranges between 25 – 29°C. In the middle, the temperature ranges between 24 and 28°C. The temperatures are lowest in the South, ranging from 22 – 28°C. Water salinity is about 34 ppt and the water is quite clear, although the waters closer to the islands are relatively more turbid.
Diving in Komodo National Park is regarded as one of the best in the world. Komodo’s diverse marine life is spectacular and keeps amazing all the divers in world again and again! So many different dive sites suit all levels of divers from beginner to advanced. Take a look at our Liveaboards Epica and Current Junkies for more information.